About Sri Lanka

About Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka - a drum beats, an elephant trumpets and a mystical Buddhist chant fills the air all in one little moment. This captures the essence of a magical island nation with all its beauty as well as complexities. Here is a land which traces its lineage back to the beginning of time and here is a country within which there is so much to discover and experience. The ruins of ancient civilizations stand testament to a great past while man-made tanks belonging to centuries long gone continue to amaze modern day scientists. The jungles are home to wild leopards and the oceans are filled with dolphins and whales. Modern fast-paced cities amidst traditional rituals and customs. Culture and technology, beliefs and development. When writing about Sri Lanka in the 14th century, Oderic, a Franciscan Monk went on to say there were many 'miraculous things' of which he could not write. Even in the 21st century this little island continues to amaze and hold travelers captive by the range of possibilities available is such a compact space.

Hanging like a teardrop off the southern tip of India, Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean and is one of the countries that makes up the South Asian subcontinent. A tropical climate makes it warm and sunny throughout the year aside from the time of the two monsoonal periods which affect opposite sides of the island.

The indigenous people of Sri Lanka, the Veddhas are a tribal group with roots going back to pre-history. Around the 5th-4th century B.C North Indian settlers migrated to the island and formed settlements in the North-West and North-East of Sri Lanka. They came to be known as the Sinhalese, the majority ethnic community in the country and the people who also brought the philosophy of the Buddha to Sri Lanka. Simultaneously as well as later on there came settlers from South India, who came to be known as Tamils and in the 7th Century AD Moorish traders from Arabia founded trading settlements around the coastal areas of the Island. From 1500s to the 1800s Europeans in search of spices and new lands systematically came, saw and conquered giving Sri Lanka a Portuguese, Dutch and finally a British flavour until independence in 1948. The results of a continues stream of migration, invasion and colonialism was a nation with a vivid and multicultural heritage rooted in centuries of foreign as well as local influences. In fact George Bernard Shaw famously said that he was "convinced that Ceylon [was] the cradle of the human race because everyone there look an original".

Visit Sri Lanka and encounter its people, places and customs first hand. The Kandy Perehara is a annual temple procession cum festival which comprises of fire-dancers, elephants, drummers and even stilt walkers to name a few. The 5th century citadel of Sigiriya, also considered to be the 8th Wonder of the World, was the palace of a suicidal king. The bustling Bazaar of Pettah, on the outskirts of the capital Colombo, is the place to experience shopping Sri Lanka style. The beaches of Unawatuna and Passikudah mirror paradise regained while the hills of Nuwara Eliya are reminiscent of a colonial era in a little English town. The delicious local delicacies of rice and some spicy curries, rotti, biriyani or lamprais washed down with some home-made ginger beer or thambili will tantalize your senses.

Come and discover the unbridled hospitality of this fascinating land with Jetwing Travels which is a reflection of Sri Lanka and all it stands for.

Location Southern India, an Island in the Indian ocean
National Flag
Coat of arms
Administrative Information
Govenment Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Capital (Commercial) Colombo
Capital (Legistative) Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
Administrative Divisions 8 Provinces (Central,North Central, North East, North, Western,Sabaragamuwa,Southern,Uva,Western)
Independence 4th February 1948 (from United Kingdom)
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Geographical Information
Geographic coordinates 5' 55'N - 9' 55' N and longitudes 79' 42' and 81' 52'
Area 65,610 Sqkm (25,332 Sq miles)
Maritime 1340 km.
Highest Point Piduruthalagala (2524 m)
Land Use

Arable land - 13.86 %

Permanent crops - 15.7 %

Irrigated Land - 6510Sqkm


Tropical monsoon

Northeast monsoon (December to March)

Southwest monsoon (June to October)

Population Information
Population(2005 Estimate) 20,743,000
Population Growth Rate 0.78%
Birth Rate 15.51 Births / 1000Population
Infant Mortality Rate 13.97 deaths / 1000 Live births
Life expectancy at birth 76.4 female, 71.7 male (2001 est)
Ethnic mix

73.8 % Sinhalese

8.5 % Tamil

7.2 % Moors

10.5 % Other


69.1 % Buddhist

7.1 % Hindu

6.2 % Christian

7.6 % Muslim

10 % Other

Literacy rate 92.5%(2003 est)
Economic Information
Labor Force 8.08 million
Unemployment Rate 8.4 %
Electricity Production 7.308 billionkWh
Electricity Consumption 6.796 billion kWh
Transportation Information
Railways 1449 km
Highways 11650 km
Ports - Harbors Colombo, Galle, Jaffna, Trincomalee
International Airports

Bandaranayake International Airport

Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport

Other Information
Time Zone GMT/UTC +5.5
Daylight Saving Start/End Not in use
Currency Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Calling Code +94
Drives on the Left
Internet TLD .lk
Electricity 230-240V, 50 cycles

Article By: News24usa Webmaster

Category : Main Information Of SriLanka


07th December, 2017 | 12:29